Marine Fisheries and Aquaculture
In many developed nations current legislative and regulatory environments for fisheries management have led to capture of administrating authorities by the very industry they govern.
The ‘Tragedy of the Commons’ combined with inadequate management regimes using the single species ‘Maximum Sustainable Yield’ model and foreign-based unsustainable extraction of developing nations’ fisheries have led to wholesale degradation and destruction of the marine realm (ecosystems) globally.
In a time of climate change and land use modification the wholesale degradation and destruction of the marine realm (all ecosystem types) globally as confirmed by the International Program on State of the Ocean (IPSO) report 2013 has meant the world’s oceans are becoming less able to survive the pressures exerted on them. Without significant changes in policies the consequences will be felt by all societies.
IPSO is an international programme by a consortium of marine scientists and experts in socio-economics and oceans governance that combined with other disciplines will assess and project the present and future state of marine ecosystems. The central output will be the Global Sate of the Ocean Report (GSOR). This builds on work by FAO for the ‘Sea Around Us Project‘.
The outputs will estimate the intact state of the oceans and outline what to expect in the future given current climate change predictions, demonstrating the biological, economic and social costs of current management practices. The GSOR will enable effective engagement with policy makers to impel change in management activities that impact the ocean. Consideration needs to be given to the maintenance of food webs that support the continued delivery of maintenance of ecosystem services (food, air and water) to humans.